Types of Data and Telephone Cabling for Your Business Needs

Posted on: 10 October 2017


Telephone systems and the internet are two critical components in modern businesses. Nonetheless, poor data cabling remains a nightmare for staffs and customers alike. Notably, the first step towards ensuring reliable telephone and web connectivity is by making sure that your wiring is designed to meet your business' individual needs. However, discerning cabling requirements for your business can be challenging, especially if you are unfamiliar with the technical jargon. For example, the category of the wire is indicated on the cable, but in technical terms. This article provides business owners with common cable types for telephone and data connectivity.

CAT5 -- The CAT5 cables are the slowest and can only manage speeds of between 10 Mbps and 100 Mbps over a bandwidth of 100MHz. It is not strange to find some businesses still using CAT5 cables for their networking connectivity, especially if the company has one or two offices in the same area. Therefore, these cables are suitable for less demanding work, for instance, emailing. However, if you need to use the cable for both telephone and web connectivity, then CAT5 will not serve you well. Given the fact that today's businesses use the internet more than ever, CAT5 might not be the ideal choice since you would need an upgrade eventually.

CAT5e – The CAT5e cable is an upgrade to the CAT5, and it is the most widely adopted by business entities. The reason behind their popularity and especially with new installations is that CAT5e is designed to reduce cross-talk significantly. In CAT5e, telephone and internet signals traveling along the cable are channeled on separate circuits thereby preventing the transfer of signals across the communication channels. Consequently, there is little or no downtime due to the elimination of interruptions. The property makes the CAT5e cables capable of handling connectivity speeds of up to 1000 Mbps over a 100 MHz bandwidth. As a business owner, you can carry out video-conferencing sessions with your staff with the CAT5e cables installed.

CAT6 -- If you are the type of businessperson who prefers to be well prepared for the future, then you should settle for nothing less than the CAT6 cables. These are the fastest of the three categories because they can handle 10 gigabits over a 250 MHz bandwidth. Additionally, distance does not affect connectivity with the CAT6 cables as they can cover long distances without losing signals along the way. Although installation cost might be on the steeper end, CAT6 wires will serve you well at the moment and in the future as you look to expand your business operations.